Cannabis is an incredibly versatile plant that retains a lot of useful and healing properties. All thanks to cannabinoids - terpenophenolic compounds contained in hemp. Most of them have not been detected in any other plant. It is even hard to count the exact number of them. So, let’s take a closer look at 5 major types of cannabinoids and their features. Read on, there are lots of interesting details you you would find helpful.
Being the best known of all cannabinoids THC, short for tetrahydrocannabinol is known for its psychoactive properties. This means that a person may feel “high” or altered after taking it. According to the NIDA (National Institute on Drug Abuse) research, THC affects mood, memory, perception, thinking, moving, and time perception in the body as well as coordination and concentration.
It is due to the ability of THC to mimic anandamide, the natural chemical which is normally produced in the brain and alters the function in the process of communication.
Unlike THC, CBD is non-psychoactive, which makes it extremely popular with those who are seeking its calming effect. According to the latest research, CBD is a chemical compound considered to be one of the most medically significant in the cannabinoid list. Typically, it can be found in tinctures, edibles, or oil-based capsules. Of these, tinctures are considered to be the strongest and most effective. However, the research on the potential benefits of cannabinoid oil (hemp oil) is still ongoing, but they suggest that CBD may provide a powerful and safe remedy for a great number of health issues.
CBN has a mild psychoactive response. So it is actually an oxidation and decomposition product of THC from the hemp plant. What that means is that THC will turn into CBN when exposed to high temperatures and light, converting it to CBN. The CBN level isn’t controlled by genetic factors. However, it is controlled by environmental ones. Nowadays, it is impossible to find high CBN strains, but you can obtain them as a result of oxidizing THC or CBD.
Better known as tetrahydrocannabinolic acid, THCA refers to non-intoxicating types of cannabinoids. It is to be found in fresh and grow strains that have not yet been decarboxylated. As the plant dries, it slowly converts to tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). When compared to THC, the tetrahydrocannabinolic acid is a poorer agonist of the body’s CB1 receptors.
Keep in mind, the best way to consume THCA is through drinking cannabis juices. You can buy them both in cafés and cannabis wellness shops online. By the way, you can also buy raw edibles which are labeled with exact dosing information and instructions. In this way, you know exactly how much THCA you consume.
The CBG compound is also called the “parent” cannabinoid. It is produced through decarboxylation, as hemp grows and exists in mature plants in small quantities. Every single cannabinoid starts up as CBG and turns into the above mentioned CBD and THC.
Bear in mind, the effects of the different types of cannabinoids and CBG still need to undergo a lot of research. But the current studies of CBG are very hopeful.