Terpenes give lemons and oranges their citrusy scent; they make your walk in the woods with the scent of pines and conifers in the air more appealing and they are used as components of flavours and fragrances.
So far, over 20,000 terpenes have been classified, and it is no wonder that they have gained popularity in recent years, especially with increasing awareness of cannabis.
Terpenes 101: In Cannabis
Terpenes are aromatic compounds found in the cannabis plant that distinguish one strain from another in taste and odour. Certain flavours such as citrus, berries, mint and pine are better known than others. Each terpene has its own unique therapeutic value. Some terpene effects have been described as relaxing, energetic or stimulating.
Terpenes are synthesized in the cannabis plant in so-called glandular trichomas, a type of secretory cell that produces and stores specialized metabolites. Specifically, trichomes are tiny hairs that can be seen on the surface of cannabis leaves. Glandular trichomes are produced by exposure to light and are thought to help protect the plant from UV light.
In addition, terpenes act as antifungals and protect the plant from insects. The highest concentration of terpenes is found in unfertilized female cannabis flowers. Trichomas are the same glands that produce the known cannabinoids CBD and THC.
Take a look at our terpene diagram to see some of the valuable terpene profiles and learn what they are known to contribute to.
Terpene development: Nature takes over
Nature has always had a way to adapt to what it needs to take care of itself, which is what happened with terpenes. Terpenic development in the cannabis plant was born out of adaptive purposes to fend off predators and attract pollinators, all of which depend on various environmental factors. Climate, weather, age and maturation of the plant, fertilizers used on the plant, lighting, soil conditions and time of day are all influential factors.
Each strain has unique combinations of different terpenes. As we have already indicated, some early research has indicated that terpenes play a role in distinguishing the effects of individual strains of cannabis. Further studies are needed to better understand this phenomenon.
For example, myrcene is thought to promote relaxation and stress reduction, while terpinols promote mental acuity and concentration. You can see how these promising results could be beneficial in the future development of CBD products. Limonene, another common terpene, is known to be effective in treating anxiety, stress and pain.
Finally, I would like to say:
Although more research is needed to better understand the various effects of terpenes, we are pleased that new opportunities are opening up in this area of development.
Our hemp-filled body butter includes a specific blend of terpenes, which we have hand-selected for their therapeutic value and assist the healing and relief of sore muscles. This increases their effectiveness and promotes deeper relaxation. We hope you will try it!